The genesis of the rock begun about 30 Millions year ago related to impact of the African lithospheric plate under the European plate. It caused creation of many disruptions in the earth crust, through them the magma could climb up. However the magma never reached the surface here and it has begun slowly cool off, what created the presumption for formation of huge basalt crystals.
Mostly vertical columns, pentagonal or hexagonal in their shape, reach length up to 12 meters and they are formed like majestic church organ. Top of the hill is located 597 m above the sea level.
Present shape is mostly determined by human mining activity in late 18th century. Excavated material had been exported primarily to Nederland and Belgium, where basalt has been used for construction of sea dams, thanks to its high endurance against salty sea water.
First effort of the rock protection is dated in late 19th century associated with name of geologist and volcanologist Josef Emanuel Hibsch. His attempt from 1878 failed and first official interdict against the mining extraction has been released in 1895. Although this interdict against mining activity has been more times disobeyed, after all Panská skála is oldest natural preserve in Czech Republic.
First of all the main northern wall of the mine pit has been preserved while mining continued in the western wall more to the depth. Excavated most-lower floor has been afterwards flooded by rainwater, whereby idyllic lagoon joined the scenery.
Germans formulated plan to exploit the mine pit up to present road during WWII. Stone would be used for protection of submarine base in island Helgoland in northern Germany, but these plans fortunately were not realized.